Page 23: of Maritime Reporter Magazine (February 15, 1983)

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had been imposed by the N&W and C&O railroads on coal for export. On this traffic, the rail rates were anywhere from 50 cents a ton to over $5 a ton higher than rates on coal for domestic consumption. According to Mr. Bobzien these higher rates were based on the railroads' de- sire to see the traffic move through Atlantic tidewater ports rather than Gulf ports. He claimed that this showed the railroads' monopoly leverage when it provides the only service to the mine was thus being used to prevent or discourage a com- petitive rail-water alternative via the Gulf.

On the above defined case, he stated that: "The water carriers, backed by the Eastern Coal

Transportation Conference and the ports of Baton Rouge and

New Orleans, filed a complaint with the ICC charging that the two railroads were 'undermining competition.' We were preparing our facts to present to the ICC when N&W asked for a settle- ment. The N&W offered to drop its export rates to the domestic level. Since in some important cases this would mean that the rate to the river would be com- parable, cost considered, to the all-rail alternative to tidewater, we agreed to the settlement with the N&W and subsequently, on similar terms, with the C&O."

In conclusion, Mr. Bobzien stated: "Whether it is permit- ting monopoly pricing in coal transportation by rail, or for- feiting the efficiency advantages of deepwater ports and modern- ized inland waterways, we are clearly allowing our export op- portunities for coal to slip away.

No one believes our country is unable to perform, that our tech- nology is lacking, or that our institutions are inadequate."

Navy Secretary Says '83

Budget Permits Fleet

To Reach 600 Ships

The Administration's budget for fiscal year 1983 will allow the

Navy to reach a 600-ship fleet,

Navy Undersecretary James

Goodrich told the Western Ship- building Association.

Speaking before the group's recent annual meeting, Mr. Good- rich said the Navy currently has 514 ships, up from 460 two years ago. Another 110 are under con- tract.

Despite cuts in previous budg- ets, the Navy has been able to stay ahead of its schedule for a 600-ship fleet, he said, attribut- ing this to new procurement and management policies.

Awarding two nuclear carrier contracts this year, in one year instead of in two, will save more than $750 million, Mr. Goodrich cited as an example. The Navy has said it would offer fewer con- tracts on an invitation to bid, fixed-price basis, and that it would award more multi-ship contracts. Such contracts give shipbuilders more time to buy materials and to plan, which lowers costs.

Noting that multiyear procure- ment is "a key ingredient to stability," he said that the Navy is also writing more "equitable" contracts that divide the risk be- tween contractors and the Navy as fairly as possible.

The main goal of the Navy's battle current development work is to quired extend the life and maximize the fleers, effect of existing weapons, the need o naval official said. 26 offide "Warriors, not systems, win The wars," and only a small fraction clined of what is technologically feasi- in 196£ ble is economical or strategically the 1,0 desirable, he said. include

Technological improvements clear have lowered certain costs, said space

Mr. Goodrich. He noted that a tems, fly ruiser 20 years ago re- 1,300 sailors and 326 of-

Today the Aegis cruisers 300 enlisted men and rs to operate.

U.S. fleet, which has de- |rom a force of 1,000 ships is about half the size of 30-ship Soviet fleet, which aircraft carriers, nu- uisers, submarines, and nd oceanic electronic sys-

Goodrich emphasized. cr



Session 1: World Ro-Ro Trades

Opening Address

Chairman: S. H. Salen, President, Salen Group,

Stockholm and former Chairman, Swedish

Shipowners' Association

Ro-Ro on the North Atlantic — the future years

Speaker: B. Koch, Managing Director, Atlantic

Container Line Services Ltd, Southampton

Liner Shipping — Commercial and

Technical Trends

Speaker: P. Carlsson, President-Elect, Rederi

AB Transatlantic, Gothenburg

New ships for new routes

Speaker: Dr. A. M. Al-Turki, Managing

Director, The National Shipping Company of

Saudi Arabia, Riyadh

Ocean transport of cars and vehicles world- wide

Speaker: A. Koch, Managing Director, Wallenius

Lines, Stockholm

Ro-Ro Developments in South America

Speaker: R. Klien, Managing Director, Transrol

Navegacao S/A, Rio de Janeiro

Semi-bulk cargoes in the Ro-Ro trades —

North Sea/Baltic/ Mediterranean/Carib- bean

Speaker: B. Aberg, Cargo Traffic Director,

EFFOA, The Finland Steamship Co. Ltd.,


Deployment of the Deepsea Container —

Carrying Ro-Ro's

Speaker: Dr. R. Pearson, Marine Transport

Centre, University of Liverpool

Session 2: Future Ro-Ro Ports and

Terminals (parallel with Session 3)

Chairman: S. Gilman, Director, Marine

Transport Centre, The University of Liverpool

Linkspans in the future

Speaker: J. Rose, Managing Director, Marine

Development (Glasgow) Ltd., Glasgow

Totally mechanised handling of road trailers for coastal Ro-Ro traffic — tomorrow's system?

Speaker: G. tfraimsson, Managing Director,

MariTerm AB, Gothenburg

The Ro-Ro multi-purpose terminal of tomorrow

Speaker: F. E. Verkade, Managing Director,

Seaport Terminals BV, Rotterdam

Session 3: Ship Design (Part I) (parallel with Session 2)

The contribution of Fin stabilisers to safety and economy in Ro-Ro operation

Speaker: W. L. S. Wallace, Sperry Marine

Systems, UK

The control of air pollution in Ro-Ro cargo spaces — experiences and recommendations

Speaker: A. Adielson, Director, Swedish

Shipbuilding Standard Centre, Gothenburg

The future development of Ro-Ro traffic — aspects and problems

Speaker: Prof. R. Schonknecht, Wilhelm-Pieck-

Universitat, Rostock, G.D.R.

Session 4: Defence Considerations of Ro-Ro Design

The deployment of Ro-Ro's and merchant vessels for defence needs — experiences in the South Atlantic

Speaker: Colonel J. R. Pitt, OBE, Ministry of

Defence, UK

Considerations for a Ro-Ro/Lo-Lo containership with mobilisation capacity

Speaker: J. G. Brown, Managing Director,

Seaform Design, Scotland

Defence features for Ro-Ro vessels

Military Sealift Command, Washington DC {speaker to be announced)

Session 5: Safety Considerations of

Ro-Ro Design (parallel with Session 6)

Chairman: E. J. B. Pawsey, Director, Hart,

Fenton & Co. Ltd., Consulting Naval

Architects and Marine Engineers, London

Investigation into the survival capability of

Ro-Ro vessels

Speakers: I. O. Endresen and B. O. Jansson,

Research Engineers and P. O. Brett, Senior

Research Engineer, Det norske Veritas, Norway

Damage Survivability of Ro-Ro Vessels

Speaker: R. D. Tagg, Naval Architect, Herbert

Engineering Corp., San Francisco and

Department of Naval Architecture, The

University of Glasgow

Session 3: Ship Design (Part II) {parallel with Session 6)

Development of Hull Forms for Ro-Ro

Ships and Ferries

Speaker: A. Williams, Head of Ship Projects

Department, Swedish Maritime Research

Centre, SSPA, Gothenburg

Session 6: Ferries and Ferry Ports (parallel with Sessions 5 and 3 (Part II)

Chairman: C. S. Paterson, Asst. General

Manager, North Sea Ferries, Hull, UK

Operation of the 10-terminal ferry port

Liibeck/Travemiinde for both passenger and freight traffic

Speaker: U. von der Lippe, Managing Director,

Ltibecker Hafen-Gesellschaft mbH

Measures to make ferry trailer traffic more efficient — comparisons between trailer only/aacompanied trailer/barges

Speaker': G. Schrewelius, TFK (Transport

Research Commission), Stockholm

Railroad Barge Operations on the West

Coast of North America

Speaker: G. C. Snyder, Chief of Consulting

Services, Nickum & Spaulding Associates Inc.,

Seattle, USA

Evacuation of high density passenger ferries — new concepts and their application

Speaker: A. Flising, Chief Naval Architect, Stena

Line AB, Gothenburg

Escape slides for Ro-Ro's and Ferries: regulatory recommendations mean different economics for either type of ship

Speaker: D. V. Edwards, Technical Director,

RFD Ltd., Godalming, UK

Session 7: Ro-Ro Cargo Safety (parallel with Session 8)

Introduction by Chairman: International

Safety Aspects

Chairman: S. Felding, Maritime Safety Division,

Cargoes Section of IMO, London

Lashing of Ro-Ro trailers in a Ro-Ro ship — the latest findings and recommendations

Speaker: P. Andersson, Project Manager,

MariTerm AB, Gothenburg

Ro-Ro Transport Problems in the North

Sea and Mediterranean

Speaker: Dr. Bauer, Officer in Charge of Ro-Ro

Problems, Bundesverband des Deutschen

Giiterfernverkehrs (BDF), Frankfurt and

Member of Ad Hoc Group Trailer Ferry Traffic

I.R.U. (Int. Transport Union), Switzerland

The practicalities of securing cargo for door-to-door transport

Speaker: D. W. B. Carr, SpanSet Marine Ltd.,



Cargoes liabilities



S-A. Ulir of Marir e

Sessio I (parallel


Port Engi 8: Ro-Ro Handling with Session 7) : U. Cramer, Chairman of the German ineers' Association's Committee on

Mobile Cargo Handling Equipment

A new s: de loader concept for container handlin » aboard and in dockside Ro-Ro

Operati >ns

Speaker: C. J. Mencel, President, RayGo Wagner

Inc., Por land, Oregon

The Evolution of Front-lift truck design for

Container Handling and Ro-Ro Operations

Speaker: G. N. Bowman-Shaw, Chairman,

LancerBj)ss Ltd, UK

New Ap )i




Penta, ~

Marketidg and, Trai s< roaches to Safety and

Omental Demands with FLT Ro-Ro / olf — main round lay




O. Grant

S.E.M.T announce /)




Gothenl (Arrange 1


Demons handlin; termina. trailers.

We wish to make Conference Registration(s) for -

Meetings Ltd. -REGISTRATION- delegate(s) and enclose our cheque for .

Conference fee of£250 (Skr 3200) per person includes conference documentation, lunches, coffee breaks and in\| given by the City of Gothenburg and the official buffet evening by the Port of Gothenburg.

Delegates who will attend (please print):






I require details of technical visits [~1


Telephone Telex return




PROGRAMME and Loss Prevention of Ro-Ro — methods, equipment and

N-Y. Danielsson, Managing Director,

Insurance Co. Ltd., Gothenburg and i, Chief Surveyor, Swedish Association

Underwriters, Gothenburg

L. Lindberg, Product Manager, Volvo henburg, and, O. Oesterlund,

Director, Kalmar LMV, Ljungby, iconsultants AB, Gothenburg (speaker to be an n junced)

Ro-Ro s lipboard equipment to maximise space ut ilisation and productivity — trailer and flat *ack designs

Speaker: U. Cramer, Managing Director,

Martec, ] Iremen

Sessio 19: Propulsion and Fuel


Three le; ding engine designers will discuss propulsit n systems for Ro-Ro ships and give their vie\'s on three areas of interest - mom fuel Ro-Ro ships — their problems and advantages — the o >eration of multi-engined ships at parti tl loads aining ferry machinery on a year- ' basis with only a limited annual

P. Schneider, Head of Projects and )n, Diesel Engine and Marine nt, Sulzer Bros., Winterthur,

M.A.N. — B & W Diesel, Copenhagen,

Pielstick, France (Speaker to be

A new concept of computerised control for total shi pboard machinery

Speaker: f. K. Siirila, Head of Development,

Rauma-Ifepola Oy, Finland 10: Full Scale stration of Ro-Ro ogies at the Port of burg by Gothenburg Stevedoring Co. Ltd) the Skandia and Alvsborg Terminals rations of the latest equipment for containers, flats and paper: tractors with roll trailers and

The LUF system in action

The Organ sers reserve the right to amend this programme if circumstances so require.


Comph compreht services, adjoining access for menting the Conference will be a nsive display of Ro-Ro technology and

The exhibits will be mounted in areas the Conference Centre providing ready delegates and visitors. . made payable to BML Business itations to the Welcome Reception

Complete this form and ^vith remittance to:-

Secretariat 2 Station Road imsworth


Official Carrier: A/*tt/#rs S4S

Tel. Rid mansworth (0923) 776363

Telex 9: 14312 MR

February 15, 1983 Write 2081 on Reader Service Card 27

Maritime Reporter

First published in 1881 Maritime Reporter is the world's largest audited circulation publication serving the global maritime industry.